Mirzapur is a city in Uttar Pradesh which is located about 67 kilometres from Varanasi, around 87 kilometres from Prayagraj (earlier known as Allahabad) and about 700 kilometres from both Delhi and Kolkata. The city is popular majorly for its thriving brassware industry and manufacturing of carpets, which are also exported in the international market. The manufacturers range from small-scale to medium-sized businesses. In recent years, tourism industry has tremendously grown in the city which has drawn the attention of people due to its picturesque beauty, fine old architectureand lively culture.
Nestled along the bank of river Ganges, the city was once only a dense forested area which was popular for hunting. Mirzapur, or Mirzapore as it was initially known, was later established by the British East India Company in 1735 to provide a trading center between central and western India. The word Mirzapur, which means ‘the place of King’, comes from 'Mirza' which is derived from a Persian term ‘Trip Kalchu which literally means “Child of the ‘Amīr” or “Child of the ruler”.
Flanked by the Vindhyachal hills, the location attracts tourists in large numbers owing to presence of waterfalls, holy ghats and shrines of Vindhyachal, Ashtbhuja and Kali khoh, Devrahwa Baba ashram and also the Kantit Sharif Dargah. Other attractions in Mirzapur includes the Ghanta Ghar or Clock Tower which was built in 1891, the Chunar Fort which is 23 kilometres southwest of Varanasi as well as the cultural festivals which take place regularly, such as Ojhala Mela, Kajari Mahotsava, Lohandi Ka Mela, Vindhyavasini Jayanti Samaaroh, Deep Mahotsava, Kantit Mela and Nagpanchami Mela, among others. The city, today, has become a suitable place to live due to proper inter/intra-city bus connectivity and presence of basic amenities for home seekers. There has been a steady increase in the demand for properties.
The city enjoys good connectivity via road and rail. State run bus services by UPSRTC (Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation) and auto rickshaws provide excellent road transportation. The National Highway originates from Mirzapur and terminates at Mangawan in Madhya Pradesh. The city is also easily accessible from the National Highway 2, also known as the Delhi-Kolkata road.
The nearest airport from Mirzapur is the Lal Bahadur Shastri International Airport located in Varanasi and is around 70 kilometres away. The nearest railway station is Vindhyachal Railway station which is situated on the Delhi-Howrah route and Mumbai- Howrah Route. The city has rail connectivity with major cities such as Varanasi, Allahabad, Lucknow, Agra, Chandigarh, Jammu, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Gaya, Surat, Mumbai, Chennai and Bangalore.
Homes and living
Owing to sound infrastructure, real estate in Mirzapur has seen an exponential growth in recent years. Some prominent localities in Mirzapur are Aghauli, Ahraura Road, Anantram Patti and Angarh. Presence of social amenities encompassing well-equipped healthcare centers, schools and other basic facilities make these localities a favourable residential destination, with affordable houses being a preferred option. There are also renowned educational institutions such as Govt Engineering College Mirzapur, Rajkiya Mahavidyalaya, Chunar, G.D. Binani P.G. College, to name a few.
The Rajiv Gandhi South Campus, spread over 2,700 acres, is one of the prominent institutions in Mirzapur which also enjoys proximity with the Banaras Hindu University. The city, thus, offers career opportunities and has become a sought-after location for new start-ups. Infrastructure development across the city is taking place rapidly and thus attracting developers to purchase plots and build affordable homes. Property rates are in the Rs 800-900 per sqft range.
The district of Mirzapur has an area of 4521 square kilometres, according to Central Statistical organisation. As per the 2011 Census, the population of Mirzapur-cum-Vindhyachal municipality is 233,691 while the population of the urban agglomeration is 245,817. In 2011, Mirzapur had a population of 2,496,970 of which male and female were 1,312,302 and 1,184,668, respectively. The city has a literacy rate of 78.25 per cent. The female literacy is about 71.80 per cent whereas the male literacy is about 83.85 per cent.
The city is the headquarters of Mirzapur District. The Mirzapur district administration is headed by the District Magistrate of Mirzapur. Headed by the Divisional Commissioner of Mirzapur, the administrative setup of the Vindhyachal division consists of 3 districts namely Mirzapur, Sonebhadra, and Bhadohi. The commissioner is responsible for heading the local government institutions in the division as well as overseeing infrastructure development and maintenance of law and order in the division.
Mirzapur brings a glimpse of life in a small city which has managed to keep its traditions alive with a beautiful picture of its interesting past and prospering present. The city is a great location for sightseeing and thus provides all the facilities for modern tourists including parks, restaurants, food outlets and budget-friendly hotels. Travellers prefer coming to the city during the monsoons or festive seasons as the city dons a vibrant look during celebrations like Navratris, Diwali, Shivratri and others, when one also gets to witness the city’s indigenous folk culture. Presence of entertainment centres and facilities such as convenience shops, retail stores, ATMs and bank branches guarantee a comfortable lifestyle for the local residents and tourists, alike.