UP Builds Highest Number Of Units For Rural Poor Under PMAY
While states are running way behind schedule as they chase the government’s dram of providing housing to all by 2022, Uttar Pradesh is seen making progress in its villages. India’s most populous state has topped the list in providing homes to its rural poor.
The state has fixed a target of building over 10.10 lakh homes under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana–Grameen (PMAY-G). The state has already built over 7.73 lakh, the highest in the country. The construction rate of the state is 85 per cent as against the national average of 34 per cent. The highest number of homes has been built in Sitapur (48,190) while Allahabad stands second (33,667).
"Earlier, UP was languishing at the bottom of the national table, but with the efforts of the state government, UP has occupied the top slot. UP is followed by Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. The efforts of the state government will be to construct the housing units in six months, which were built in nine months," Uttar Pradesh Rural Development Minister Mahendra Singh told media.
With an aim to provide a pucca houses with basic amenities to the rural poor, the current government restructured the Indira Awas Yojana (IAY) into the PMAY-G.
After the revision, the government grants an assistance of Rs 1.20 lakh for building homes in the plains, from the earlier Rs 70,000. Similarly, people building homes in hilly areas are now provided Rs 1.30 lakh from the earlier Rs 75,000. A beneficiary is also entitled to 90-95 days of unskilled labour under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS). Construction of toilets can also be leveraged in association with the Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-G).
Now, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal have secured the second and the third spot, respectively, in building homes for the rural poor after UP. While over six lakh homes have been constructed in Madhya Pradesh, over five lakh units have been completed in West Bengal. However, considering Madhya Pradesh had built over 10 lakh homes as its target, the central state must act faster. West Bengal had also set a target of over 12 lakh homes.
In effect, Chhattisgarh should follow UP in completing the highest units. The completion percentage has been 47 per cent with over 3.24 lakh units.
Among states that have shown dismal progress include Bihar (11,561 homes completed out of a target of 573,273), Manipur (19 out of 9,639), Meghalaya (92 out of 15,825), Nagaland (not a single home is built against the target of 119), Punjab (88 out of 7,522 homes), Dadra and Nagar Haveli (not a single home is built against the target of 1,057). Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu also have made no progress.
With inputs from Housing News