Tamil Nadu, Andhra, Haryana Among Worst Performers In Waste Processing
While the government is taking ambitious steps towards achieving its target for a Clean India with 100 per cent coverage when it comes to the door-to-door collection of waste from over 55,913 wards out of the total 82,607 wards, not much is being done to achieve the second component of 100 per cent scientific processing of this solid waste.
According to numbers available in the Annual Report of Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs for 2017-18, only 22.85 per cent of the total waste collected across the country every day is being processed while the remaining goes unattended. In India, on an average, over 1.43 lakh metric tonne of garbage is generated every day, however, only 35,000 metric tonne is processed while the remaining 1.11 metric tonne is left in open.
State-wise data suggest that of the 35 states and union territories, only eight process over 50 per cent of the total waste collected every day. No city has achieved 100 per cent processing.
Making a difference
Topping the list with highest percentage of daily garbage processing is Chhattisgarh with 74 per cent followed by Telangana (67 per cent), Sikkim (66 per cent) and Goa (62 per cent). The national capital reportedly processes 55 per cent of the total garbage collected every day.
Need to set an example
Many cities are lagging behind in implementing the processing of garbage. Some of the worst performers include Dadar & Nagar Haveli and Arunachal Pradesh that do not process garbage at all followed by Jammu & Kashmir that only process one per cent of the total waste collected every day. States, including Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, West Bengal, Odisha, Bihar and Jharkhand also process less than 10 per cent waste every day.
According to the ministry’s annual report, currently, there are nine functional waste-to-energy (WTE) plants and 148 waste-to-compost (WTC) plants that are operational across the country.
Additionally, 50 WTE plants and 300 WTC are under construction/under tendering.
The government has also set up a Waste-to-Wealth compendium to help urban local bodies (ULBs) to identify processing technologies that would be suitable for their specific context.