Govt Housing Schemes That Will Provide Home To Rural India
Rural development has always been a priority for many governments formed in India post-independence. Even today, nearly 70 per cent of the total population in India lives in rural areas. Among various needs including employment opportunities and adequate healthcare, quality housing is among the list of priority that the Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government has taken upon itself to ensure betterment of the rural population.
The Indian government had recently announced that nearly one crore households shall be provided support for the development of pucca house from 2016 to 2019. Besides, several housing schemes have been launched over the past few decades, some of which are state-run as well. The rural housing has been linked with the Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) and Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) as per the government's National Housing Policy.
We bring to you a list of prominent rural housing schemes which have been launched by the governments in power till date:
Indira Awas Yojana
Indira Awas Yojana was initiated in 1985-1986 for the development of housing units for the scheduled caste/scheduled tribe (SC/ST) and free bonded labourers in rural areas. The Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) was later incorporated in 1989 and it is still operational. It was launched as a sub-scheme of Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) started in 1983.
Rajiv Awas Yojana
Launched in June 2009, the programme aims to provide quality housing opportunities and social amenities for the slum dwellers. The programme also involves addressing the factors leading to creation of slums. Property rights to slum dwellers, upgradation or redevelopment of slums and relocation would be the major focus under this initiative.
Pradan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (Gramin Awaas)
This programme was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development in 2000-2001. The groups that would benefit from this programme include SCs, STs and below poverty line (BPL) population. This programme, in fact, is a revamped version of the Indira Awas Yojana.
Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana
This is one of the recent initiatives undertaken by the Indian government, wherein financial assistance will be offered to the homeless for the development of pucca houses. Proper technical supervision, at the micro level (district and block levels) through a National Technical Support Agency would be given to ensure the smooth implementation of the scheme. Approximately two crore dwelling units are planned to be built and is expected to be completed by 2022.
State-run housing schemes
Around 15 states and union territories (UTs) have jointly launched rural housing schemes and successfully constructed 27 lakh houses during the period 2001 to 2005. States which have their own schemes include Gujarat, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Daman & Diu, Pondicherry, Punjab, Sikkim, Jharkhand.