Decoding Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules
The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change on March 29 released the Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016. Aimed at protecting the environment, these norms will have a huge bearing on the real estate sector, through an impact on how developers build infrastructure in the country. Applicable to all active partners in construction, demolition and waste management -- debris, rubble and demolition waste -- these norms will promote disposal of construction and development waste by channeling those for reuse and recycling in a sustainable manner.
MakaanIQ looks at the salient features of the new rules:
With public participation, the rule asks for segregation of waste at the source of origin into organic waste for composting and energy recovery. This may simplify the task of municipal corporations in a big way. The generators of waste have been made responsible for its segregation, collection and deposition. Those generating waste in excess of 20 tonnes a day or 300 tonnes per project in a month will be required to compulsorily furnish a waste-management plan. The expenditure incurred on waste management will be paid by the waste generator to the authorities concerned.
Producers' responsibility extended
The waste generator will be responsible for relocating the waste to facilities where it could be recycled. They have been mandated to prepare a policy within six months from the date of notification of these rules.
Local municipal authorities will put in place a construction and demolition waste management in place, data on which will be updated yearly. These bodies will go ahead with policy implementation after consultation with experts and waste management agencies. The local authority will also ensure safe disposal of industrial, hazardous, contaminated, nuclear or toxic waste.
Pollution Control Board
Developers will be required to obtain authorisation from state pollution control boards or respective pollution control committees for any construction activity. They will also have to ensure processing and recycling of waste is done away from habitations, forest, water bodies, wetlands, national parks, etc. There must also be a buffer zone around the waste management facility so that there is no unwanted dispersion of waste.
Role of states
State governments will provide logistics and administrative support to entrepreneurs interested in setting up waste management facilities and town-and country-planning departments will facilitate this. Such facilities are few in number at present.
Sate pollution control boards will monitor the implementation of these rules and file an annual report with the Central Pollution Control Board. Currently, there is no central depository of data. Besides, this will also enable the enactment of adequate environmental schemes by the government.
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)
While BIS will be responsible for framing the code of practices and standards on the usage of recycled construction materials, the Indian Roads Congress will do it for road constructions. These standards will ensure that the use of recycled materials does not jeopardise the safety and life of the structure constructed with the recycled materials.
Collaboration among ministries
Ministries of urban development, rural development and Panchayati Raj will facilitate the compliance of these rules by the local bodies under their respective jurisdictions. They will also provide technical and financial support, if there is a need.
Facilitating Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
These rules will also facilitate the central government's Clean India Mission. State governments and local authorities will be executing and managing the waste management system in consonance with the objectives of the Union government.