Air Pollution Caused India Massive Economic Loss, Data Show
In today’s world, air pollution has emerged as problem the entire world is boggling its mind about. While some of them have been able to efficiently deal with the issue, other are lagging. A recent study, for example, says China’s action on air pollution would help its citizens have larger lives. On the other hand, reports suggest that India incurred a loss of $55.39 billion in terms of labour output in 2013, solely due to air pollution. If the volume of the loss has to be measured $55.39 billion, it constitutes about 0.84 per cent of India’s gross domestic product.
The volume of loss
The Organisation for Economic Cooperation (OECD) in its study titled, The Economic Consequences Of Outdoor Air Pollution, observed that “the population-weighted average PM2.5 concentrations are already high and rapidly rising in South and East Asia, especially China and India. In large parts of North America, Europe and Africa, PM2.5 concentrations from anthropogenic sources are also high but are projected to rise less quickly”.
It also adds: “The number of premature deaths is unequally distributed across the world. The highest number of deaths takes place in non-OECD economies and particularly in China and India.”
The OECD bases these premature deaths on higher concentratuons of PM 2.5 and ozone as well as rising urbanisation and ageing population which means there is more reason to worry about the health of those exposed to air pollution. In 2010, there were 500 people per million in India who died prematurely owing to the pollution factor. By 2060, this number could reach 2,000 people per million in India alone.
It becomes important to state the volume of such losses as indicated by studies. Take for example the following:
1. Medical journal The Lancet indicated that over a million people in India die due to air pollution and some of the worst-polluted cities are in India.
2. A global study by the World Bank said that diseases associated with indoor and outdoor air pollution might have cost the country as much as 8.5 per cent of its GDP.
3. A joint study by the World Bank and the University of Washington indicated that between1990 and 2013, total welfare losses in India owing to premature deaths increased by 94 per cent.
4. A United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report in 2016 said that India had the highest share of welfare costs of about $220 billion.
Meanwhile in Delhi
National capital Delhi is among the most-polluted cities in the world. Thick layers of smog lingering over the city skies at the outset of the winters make the city create front-page headlines. What is Delhi Doing to clean the air around it?
The Union Environment Ministry has chalked an air-management system particularly for the Delhi-national capital region. Known as the Comprehensive-Action Plan (CAP), it mentions measures to reduce vehicular emissions, congestion on roads, construction dust, etc. These measures have also been notified by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). As confirmed by officials, CAP is specific only to Delhi-NCR while the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) will work on mitigating air pollution across the country. The NCAP aims to reduce air pollution by half in the next five years across 100 Indian cities.
With inputs from Housing News