10 Things To Know About Noida Master Plan 2031
As large-scale economic activity was unfolding and the migration to the national capital picked up, the Delhi Master Plan 1962 suggested decentralisation of urban growth of the city. As a result, land in areas surrounding the national capital — most of them were villages — became subject to speculative pricing, forcing authorities to initiate urban development in these areas. Present-day Noida is a result of that exercise. What is popular as the information technology (IT) hub in the national capital region today was once a land consisting 36 villages of the Bulandshahar district of Uttar Pradesh. The state notified the New Okhla Industrial Development Area (Noida) under the UP Industrial Development Act, 1976, and created an authority to go ahead with a planned development. After many revisions in the plans for the years 1991 and 2011, authorities in 2011 approved Noida Master Plan 2031.
Here are some provisions in the Plan that home buyers must take note of:
- According to the Plan, of the urbanisable area of about 15,280 hectares, the area for residential development has been kept at 5,656.14 hectare (37 per cent of the total urbanisable land), for commercial development at 581.33 hectare (3.80 per cent) and for institutional and public facilities at 1377.97 hectare (9.01 per cent). While the area for recreational use will be about 15.92 per cent of the total proposed urbanisable area, the area under agriculture use and water bodies will form about 20 per cent of this to keep Noida green.
- The physical development of entire Noida may be completed by 2021, says the Plan, and almost the entire residential area would have been inhabited by 2031. The Plan projects the population of Noida at 25 lakh by 2031 and says that this may be the "optimum" population that the city might accommodate. The population density is estimated to be 164 persons per hectare.
- Among the key objectives of the Plan is to "capitalise on the area's high-growth potential due to its proximity to the metropolitan city of Delhi" and “to promote employment generating activities such as small-scale industrial work opportunities, offices spaces, institutions, commercial centres and IT parks”. It is to be noted that according to the plan for 2021, it was planned that Noida will be developed as an independent city, and not as a satellite town to Delhi.
- According to the Plan, the "pace of housing provision for the low-income groups needs to be increased to check unauthorised residential growth and squatter settlements" in the city.
- The plan says that "insulating one area from the other creates more social and environmental problems for the urban area than it tries to resolve within a sector's confines". This is why it calls for mix developments at various sectors of the city to serve different social-economic classes.
- Accepting that the informal sector has become a characteristic of cities, the Plan calls for providing specific sites for such activities.
- The Plan talks about promoting group housing in place of plotted developments, as the latter "imposes considerable restriction in achieving spatial integration and design unity".
- The Plan wants residential and commercial development to go hand in hand and calls for devising an urban land policy, which “while retaining the hold of the public authority on land procurement, development and use, is flexible enough to let the corporate, co-operative and private sectors to share responsibilities related to land and infrastructure development, and housing and urban development programmes".
- The Plan calls for a collaborative action by public and private players to meet the supply deficit the city may face in future in meeting the housing demands of the low-income groups. “The public sector authority, however enterprising it may be, cannot alone mitigate this problem, which has its own social and environmental impacts,” says the Plan.
- Stating that a “clean-slate” approach towards urban development remains impractical, the Plan calls for integrating existing rural settlements with proposed urban developments.