These Are The Stories Behind World's Iconic Skyscrapers
Skyscrapers are an integral part of the modern world. The construction and the science behind the construction of these tall structures show the development and the advancement of technology made by the mankind.
MakaaniQ shares some iconic stories of world's iconic skyscrapers:
The pickle-shaped tower in London was the poster boy of 2012 Olympics. This building, also known as 30 St Mary Axe, was previously known as Swiss Re Building. With 41 storeys, this glass structures is 180 metres high. It is built on the former site of the financial building of Baltic Exchange and Chamber of Shipping, a structure that which was severely damaged in 1992 by a bomb explosion. The proposed design of The Gherkin was of 92 storeys, which was later scrapped due to the fear of obstructing the air traffic at the Heathrow Airport and the view of St. Paul's dome. Known for its glass structure, here are some more inspiring glass buildings across the globe.
The Willis Tower
The 110-storeys skyscraper in Chicago was previously known as Sears Tower. The tower got its name after the first company, Sears Roebuck and Company, decided to build an office space for its 350,000 employees. It took four years, 2,000 workers and concrete enough to construct a five-mile eight-lane highway, to construct this building. The finishing touch was given by the signatures of the employees of Sear Roebuck, the 12,000 construction workers and the Chicago citizens on the final beam. The present name Willis Tower was given in 2009, after it was taken over by Willis Group Holdings, a global insurance broker.
The Chrysler building is claimed to be the world's most beautiful building. It is a beautiful example of Art Deco architecture. When Walter P Chrysler took over the financing he sought to glamorise the East Side of the New York City and as a result the Chrysler building came into being. It is graced by eagle gargoyles on the 61st floor, which are the replicas of radiator caps of Chrysler cars. The building is 1,046 ft tall and is made of concrete with steel frame and iron cladding. The spire of the building that is 197 ft in height and weighs 300 tonnes was constructed inside the building and was lifted by crane and riveted to the top. The design of Chrysler Building is customised and built in sheet metal shops on the 65th and 66th floor, these shops also created the spire.
Bank of China Tower
Home to the headquarters of Bank of China in Hong Kong, this structure was designed by I M Pei and L C Pei of I M Pei and Partners. The architects had a daunting task before them to build a structure that would be appealing and would also withstand the ravages of the nature. The tower is located on the 1 Garden Road, in Central and Western District on Hong Kong Island, a typhoon-prone zone. The building standing at 315 meter of height consists 70 storeys, has two masts and is the tallest building in Hong Kong and Asia. The building is supported by five steel columns which are able to resist high-velocity wind and is inspired by bamboo shoots which symbolise prosperity.
Petronas Twin Towers
The world's tallest twin towers in Kuala Lumpur have 88 floors each. Its steel and glass façade reflects the Islamic art. The Petronas Twin Towers have a Sky Bridge at the 41st and 42nd floors. The sky bridge unlike common bridge is retractable to prevent it from snapping during high winds.
C N Tower
The communication and observation tower in the downtown Toronto, Ontario, the C N Tower is the third largest tower in the world and is included in the list of the modern day Seven Wonders of the World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. It was built as a show of strength by the Canadian industry, railway company Canadian National. It took 40 months to complete with construction workers toiling 24 hours a day for seven days a week. A 10-ton helicopter was used to bolt the 44 pieces of the antenna.
The architectural wonder, in Dubai, this mega skyscraper is a record holder. Standing at 2,716 ft twice as high as the Empire State Building, was designed by Adrian Smith, then of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM). Smith has also designed the Willis Tower and New York's One World Trade Centre. It is the tallest freestanding structure and has 57 elevators and eight escalators. Here are some interesting facts about the living wonder, Burj Khalifa.