Top Technology Trends In Construction Industry
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on March 2 said that the financial year 2020 will be the year of Construction-Technology. He was addressing the audience at the Construction Technology India-2019 Expo-cum-conference where he promoted the use of advanced technology to meet the increasing demand of housing in the country.
"India is among the few countries where demand for houses is increasing at a rapid pace. To fulfil this demand using advanced technology in the construction sector, I announce April 2019-March 2020 as Construction-Technology year," he said.
He also asked the private sector to participate and support the government in fulfilling the Housing For All by 2022 mission. He also gave a major thrust on affordable housing, saying that over 1.3 crore houses have been built so far.
"The numbers speak for themselves. This shows how serious we are about our commitment in fulfilling the poor and middle class people's dream of have a house of their own," Modi said.
Meanwhile, at the same event, it was announced that six cities across the country will be developed as "live laboratories" for a pilot project. Under this project, nearly 1,000 houses will be built using innovative technologies that are low-cost, sustainable and disaster-resistant.
"Six cities have been identified to serve as live laboratories for the Lighthouse project. These are Rajkot (Gujarat), Ranchi (Jharkhand), Indore (Madhya Pradesh), Chennai (Tamil Nadu), Agartala (Tripura) and Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh)," a senior official at the housing ministry said. Mishra said technology adoption will happen in not only these six states, but also in other states and Union Territories.
The Grand Challenge defines a Lighthouse City as the living lab for conceiving, financing and testing mobility solutions that align with the Central government’s vision for a shared, electric, and connected mobility future. This means Pune has become the leading testing field for building and implementing innovative transportation solutions.
Here we list some existing construction technologies that are popular in India:
Prefabricated construction: Prefabrication refers to the process of assembling components of a building remotely before installing it at the site. It has completely changed the face of modern-day construction pattern by facilitating faster execution and on-time delivery of homes. Prefabrication involves effective cooperation from architects and developers to determine the exact size and structure of a building.
It is being seen as an alternative construction technique that reduces construction time, is cost-effective and produces less waste.
Green construction: The commercial real estate sector has already adopted green building concepts in leading metros; now, the residential sector, too, is keeping pace. The concept of green construction involves using construction material that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life cycle — right from construction to operation, maintenance, renovation and demolition.
It not only fulfils a developer's social responsibility obligation but is also cost-efficient and in high demand.
Micro apartments: The trend of living in tiny living spaces is not a new thing in developed urban cities. Exorbitant rents and single residents have made this trend flourish and encouraged developers to design micro-living spaces to cater to a large consumer base.
3D printing: It's new, jazzy and cost-effective. 3D printing is part of a wider technological concept known as 'building printing' that uses 3D printing to develop buildings. As construction is still a conservative process in India, this technology will take a while to take off. But its ability to construct buildings of any shape and size in remarkably less time makes it the future of the construction industry.
Building information modelling: Building information modelling has been in trend for several past years. It is an intelligent 3D-model-based process that gives insight to effectively execute a construction process. It brings together all the information about every component of a building, at one place. Through BIM, a building can be constructed digitally and everyone can understand the entire building through its digital model.