Skyscrapers: A Potent Symbol Of Urbanisation
Skyscrapers are a necessity in today's urban world. Designed for commercial as well as residential purposes, these vertical villages are the changing the way people live in urban cities. Skyscrapers, a high-rise building higher than 50 metres or 164 ft, which have become a rage worldwide have paved their way into Indian urban landscape, too.
These structures are mostly found in the key metro cities of India at present and leading the list is the financial capital of India, Mumbai with 70 skyscrapers with a height of more than 150 metres, the maximum any city in India has. The other cities that have skyscrapers that are more than 150 metres include Kolkata (9), Delhi and national capital region (2), Hyderabad (2) and Bengaluru (1).
Though this is an existing number, India has more than 100 skyscrapers that are already constructed and another 100+ that are under construction. Most of these structures range between a height of 100 metres and 300 metres.
So, why skyscrapers?
- The height of skyscrapers ensures better ventilation and provide ample amount of natural light to the inhabitants.
- Skyscrapers offer the benefit of sharing the cost of common services, including security and facilities.
- Skyscrapers reduce the overall cost burden and increase efficiency for the homebuyers in the case of residential setup and corporates in the case of commercial set up.
- Boast well-established dweller profiles.
- Provide tailored neighbourhood for the consumers.
- A luxury quotient for the occupants with ultra-modern facilities.
However, diversity of the tenancy schedule in high-rise buildings are an added attraction for skyscrapers. In terms of rental cycle, it increases the exposure because of the multiple tenants with leases expiring at different times. This creates plenty of opportunity to asset manage a tower. High-rise buildings are not just popular among tenants but are also a hit among investors, too.
What are the shortcomings?
- Skyscrapers make the dwellers isolate from rest of the world, limiting them their own closed environment.
- Can be a challenge to rescue in case of accidents including fire and earthquake.
- Skyscrapers give an opportunity for a large number of people to live on a limited land space given the height. To cater to this growing number of people a city is burdened with the need to have more infrastructure and resources.
The tallest skyscrapers in the world
- Burj Khalifa: Location-Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Height-830 metres; Floors-163; Built in 2010
- Shanghai Tower: Location-Shanghai, China; Height-632 metres; Floors-128; Built in 2015
- Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower: Location-Mecca, Saudi Arabia; Height-601 metres; Floors-120; Built in 2012