Prefab Technology Could Boost Govt's Smart Cities Mission, Affordable Housing Projects
The government of India has an ambitious task ahead of itself which has received a clear direction after the announcement of Union Budget 2017-18 — affordable housing which would also receive infrastructure status. The mission of development of 50 million homes by 2022 and 90 smart cities has already gathered momentum.
Nearly 2.5 million homes need to be built every year and faster construction and use of smart technologies is the ultimate way out to meet the target. Prefabricated construction technology is one area the government is strongly banking upon.
MakaanIQ examines how prefab technology will bolster the Smart Cities Mission and affordable housing projects.
What is prefab technology?
The technology involves assemblies and modular units like wall panels, which are manufactured under factory conditions or offsite and are then transported to the construction sites.
How would the technology help?
Industry experts believe that the use of prefabrication technology, although at a nascent stage, would significantly aid in timely completion of mass housing projects and result in cost savings and improved project quality.
Smart cities development
- Increased production volume: Prefabrication focuses on low resource consumption and will augment a massive supply of residential and commercial buildings.
- Waste management: With waste management being a crucial aspect of the smart cities mission, prefab construction will be the first stage to witness wastage reduction. Prefab construction is based on the idea of 'reduce, reuse and recycle'. For instance, use of recyclable materials such as aluminium and expanded polystyrene (EPS) will be a positive step towards the mission.
- Control over construction delays: Unlike traditional methods, prefabrication eliminates the possibilities of weather-caused delays.
- Reduced labour cost: The technology demands minimum requirement of manpower and will thus minimise the overall cost.
- Early completion of projects: Prefabricated components will speed up the entire construction process and would also allow year-round construction. Early completion will lead to savings in interest costs which could be ultimately passed on to the buyers, thereby making homes cheaper.
- Energy Efficient: Prefabrication involves minimum water consumption and electricity usage, thus ensuring energy efficiency and indirect cost savings.
- Quality guarantee: Constructions under this technology would ensure stricter compliance with the building code standards and minimum material wastage. The prefab structures are developed under controlled conditions which will help in the production of quality houses, which is also the core objective of the affordable housing project. Construction based on this technology will keep a check on structural deviations or the cracking of walls.