Uttar Pradesh Tops Country's Crime Chart: NCRB
Uttar Pradesh (UP) recorded the highest number of heinous crimes in 2016, data released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) show. UP, the country's most populous state, reported the highest number of cases of murder (4,889), accounting for 16.1 per cent of the total such cases in the country, followed by Bihar (2,581 or 8.4 per cent).
About 14.5 per cent (49,262 cases) of total cases of crime against women were recorded in UP last year, followed by West Bengal's 9.6 per cent ((32,513 cases) share.
Rape cases recorded an increase of 12.4 per cent ─ from 34,651 cases in the country in 2015 to 38,947 in 2016.
Madhya Pradesh and UP reported the highest cases of rape ─ 4,882 cases or 12.5 per cent in MP and 4,816 cases or 12.4 per cent in UP. The third in this list was Maharashtra, with 4,189 cases (10.7 per cent).
Cases of crime against women have reported an increase of 2.9 per cent in 2016 over 2015.
Majority of cases of crimes against women were reported under the heads of cruelty by husband or his relatives (32 per cent), assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty (25 per cent), kidnapping and abduction of women (19 per cent), and rape (11.5 per cent).
UP recorded 9.5 per cent of the total cases of crimes registered under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) in India, followed by Madhya Pradesh's 8.9 per cent, Maharashtra's 8.8 per cent and Kerala's 8.7 per cent.
A total of 3,737,870 people were arrested in the country in 2016 for various crimes while 3,271,262 people were charge-sheeted, 794,616 were convicted and 1,148,824 people were acquitted or discharged.
Joint Director in the NCRB Surendra Panwar said a total of 4,831,515 cognisable crimes comprising 2,975,711 Indian Penal Code crimes and 1,855,804 special and local laws crimes were reported in 2016, showing an increase of 2.6 per cent over 2015 (4,710,676 cases).
IPC crimes have increased by 0.9 per cent – from 2,949,400 in 2015 to 2,975,711 in 2016. Special and local laws crimes have increased by 5.4 per cent, from 1,761,276 in 2015 to 1,855,804 in 2016.
During 2016, IPC crimes have reported a charge sheeting rate of 72.9 per cent while conviction rate is 46.8 per cent in the country.
Murder cases in the country have shown declining trends during the last three years. Murder cases decreased by 5.2 per cent from 32,127 cases in 2015 to 30,450 cases in 2016.
Cases of kidnapping and abduction have shown an increasing trend with the increase of 6 per cent (88,008 cases) in 2016 over 82,999 cases in 2015.
The total number of crime against children in 2016 was 106,958, 13.6 per cent more than 2015 (94,172 cases).
Cases reported under juvenile in conflict with law have shown a mixed trend for the past three years with the decline of 13.1 per cent in 2015 (33,433 cases) over 2014 (38,455 cases), followed by an increase of 7.2 per cent in 2016 (35,849) over 2015.
A total of 7,369 cases (20.6 per cent) under juvenile in conflict with law were reported in Madhya Pradesh, followed by 6,606 cases (18.4 per cent) in Maharashtra.
Atrocities against scheduled castes have increased by 5.5 per cent (40,801 cases) in 2016 over 2015 (38,670 cases).
Uttar Pradesh (10,426 cases) reported the highest number of cases of atrocities against scheduled castes, accounting for 25.6 per cent of total cases, followed by Bihar (14.0 per cent) and Rajasthan (12.6 per cent) during 2016.
Atrocities against scheduled tribes have increased by 4.7 per cent in 2016 (6,568 cases) over 2015 (6,276 cases).
Madhya Pradesh (1,823 cases) reported the highest number of cases of atrocities against scheduled tribes accounting for 27.8 per cent of total such cases, followed by Rajasthan (18.2 per cent) and Odisha (10.4 per cent) during 2016.
With inputs from Housing News