Kerala Grabs Top Position In Niti Aayog’s Health Index; UP Far Behind
While the national capital was considered the most unhealthy city to live in India due to air pollution, the health index released by NITI Aayog has called Uttar Pradesh, Odisha and Bihar, the worst states in India when it comes to healthcare facilities available for public use.
The southern state of Kerala has maintained its top position in the second edition of Niti Aayog’s Healthy States, Progressive India report. Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra were ranked second and third, respectively. Haryana was the 'Most Improved' state as it had registered progress in most of the health outcomes, including immunisation, institutional delivery, functional First Referral Units (FRUs), Critcal Care Units (CCUs), etc. Rajasthan and Jharkhand topped the ranking on the basis of incremental performance.
On the other hand, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha and Bihar were listed as the worst states in India when it came to healthcare facilities available for public use. The national capital was considered to be the most unhealthy city to live in, due to air pollution in the health index released on June 25, 2019.
The health index took into account 23 parameters during 2015-16 to 2017-18 and has three categories — larger states, smaller states and Union territories (UTs). Among the smaller states, Mizoram ranked first in overall performance while Tripura and Manipur were the top two states in terms of incremental performance. Among the union territories, Chandigarh was the best in terms of overall performance while Dadra and Nagar Haveli showed the highest improvement. Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Island and Delhi registered a decline in their overall Health Index score.
Rankings of five states remained unchanged in the index, including Kerala, Gujarat, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. Among the 21 larger states, seven states improved their rankings. These were Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Haryana, Assam and Rajasthan. The most significant progress was observed in the ranking of Andhra Pradesh followed by Rajasthan - an improvement of six and four positions, respectively. Maharashtra improved its ranking by three positions while Karnataka, Telangana, Haryana and Assam improved their ranking by one position each.
Bihar registered the most negative incremental change due to the deterioration in the most health indicators such as TB notification rate, TB treatment success rate, birth registration, CHC grading. Among the smaller states, Meghalaya, Goa, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh were categorised as ‘Not Improved.’Among the larger states, Odisha and Madhya Pradesh had the highest Neonatal Mortality Rate, while Kerala had the lowest.
With inputs from Housing.com News