India Behind Bangladesh, Bhutan In Providing Quality Healthcare: Survey
India may have seen improvements in healthcare access and quality since 1990. However, its no-so-well-of neighbours are doing much better than it. In a Lancet study, the country has been ranked 145 among 195 countries in terms of quality and accessibility of healthcare. While China has a ranking of 48 in the list, Sri Lanka occupies 71th position. Bangladesh (133) and Bhutan (134) are doing better a better job of providing quality healthcare to their citizens than India.
"Although India's improvements on the (healthcare access and quality) HAQ index hastened from 2000 to 2016, the gap between the country's highest and lowest scores widened," the study titled The Global Burden of Disease said.
The study used an index to measure the quality and accessibility of healthcare in 2016, based on 32 causes of death which should be preventable with effective medical care. Each of the 195 countries and territories assessed were given a score between 0-100.
Let us look at the key highlights of the study.
In the pink of health: In 2016, the global average healthcare access and quality score was 54.4, increasing from 42.4 points in 2000. The five countries with the highest levels of healthcare access and quality in 2016 were Iceland, Norway, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Finland and Australia.
At the bottom: The countries with the lowest scores were the Central African Republic, Somalia, Guinea-Bissau, Chad and Afghanistan.
Areas of concern: India performed poorly in tackling cases of tuberculosis, rheumatic heart diseases, Ischaemic heart diseases, stroke, testicular cancer, colon cancer and chronic kidney disease, points out the study.
Making that comparison: The study analysed healthcare access and quality between regions (Brazil, China, England, India, Japan, Mexico, and the US). It found that China and India had the widest disparities in healthcare access and quality with 43.5 and 30.8 point differences, respectively. Japan had the narrowest differences with 4.8 points.
First among the peers: Goa and Kerala had the highest scores in 2016, each exceeding 60 points. Assam and Uttar Pradesh, on the other hand, scored the lowest, each below 40.
With inputs from Housing News