Pune Is The Noisiest In Maharashtra, Says Report
The noise levels across the country are on a rise. Reasons aplenty, noise pollution has been a cause of concern for many. In a recently released report by the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (Neeri), honking has emerged as one of the key reasons of noise pollution across cities. A report that studied the noise levels across Maharashtra showcased certain alarming details.
No honking, please
According to the Neeri report, honking has emerged as the biggest reason for noise pollution across cities. Honking caused due to heavy traffic situation is a menace. To curb this, the report suggests, “develop a system/device which can be installed in vehicles, which will reduce the noise level (honking intensity) with the speed of vehicle (work is being carried out on this subject at Indian institute of technology, Bombay).”
Also, it is suggested that provisions should be made to install a device which limits the number of times a vehicle can honk in a day. While this sensor would read the number of times a vehicle has honked, once the limit is reached this sensor would send a message via the network to the traffic department for as a case of violation.
Pune, the noisiest
Studying the noise pollution levels in Maharashtra’s 10 major cities, including Pune, Mumbai, Aurangabad, Kalyan-Dombivali, Kolhapur, Nagpur, Navi-Mumbai, Solapur and Thane, it has been observed that Pune leads as the noisiest city. Most of the areas observed decibel levels higher than the permitted limit.
According to the report, while the prescribed daytime noise limit for industrial areas is 75 decibel (dB), the recorded level of noise in such areas of Pune stood at 84.8 dB. For commercial areas, Pune city recorded 86.7 dB, as against the prescribed limit of 65 dB.
Even in residential areas, the daytime record was 78.7 dB, against the prescribed limit of 55 dB.
Also read: 5 Things RWAs Should Do To Reduce Pollution
Capping the noise levels
The noise levels have been capped at certain decibel levels based on different areas in the city. These have been categorised into industrial areas, commercial areas, residential areas and silence zones.
While the noise level in industrial areas has been capped at 70 dB, these levels in commercial areas have been capped at 65 dB (daytime) and 55 dB (night time). The levels are even lower for residential areas at 55 dB (daytime) and 45 dB (night time). Silence zones are to be treated specially with a daytime limit restricted at 50 dB while the night limit capped at 40 dB.
No horn day
To send out a message and to reduce noise pollution levels some cities across the country observe ‘no-horn day’. These include Nashik which observes a no-horn day every Monday. On the other hand, Kerala had observed no-horn day on April 26, 2017 and the same date in 2018. Also, city beautiful Chandigarh launched a 45-day initiative, “Make Chandigarh Honk Free”, in January this year. The city aims to be honk-free by end of this year.
Little known, Mizoram’s Aizawl was the first city in the country to follow no-horn policy.