Kolkata Has Least Transport Emission Among Indian Metros, Says Report
In a list of 14 cities, which includes six mega and eight metropolitan cities, Kolkata has emerged as the top-performing megacity with the least urban emission and energy consumption in commuting. While Bhopal has topped the list on the lowest overall transport emissions, Delhi and Hyderabad are at the bottom of the table with highest emission majorly due to high population, longer commutes and high usage of personal vehicles causing more pollution per trip. The analysis is done by the Centre For Science and Environment on urban commute and how it contributes to pollution and energy consumption.
The city of joy and less emission
Being a city with high usage of public transport, Kolkata has short travel distances. The city ranks sixth among all the 14 cities but it wins among the six megacities and performs better than cities such as Pune and Ahmedabad. Though Kolkata has the lowest average trip length for different modes of travel, it generates the third highest volume of trips due to a large population. This city has the second highest share of public transport and lowest personal vehicle stock among the megacities.
According to the report, about 60 per cent of the travel trips are within a four-km radius which is the biggest reason behind low emissions in the city. Also, Kolkata has diverse public transport options such as buses, metro, trams, suburban rail, para-transit and waterways, constituting 88 per cent of the total trips in the city.
Other cities versus Kolkata
- Delhi emits four times more the amount of carbon dioxide than Kolkata
- Mumbai has a higher stock of public transport vehicles than Kolkata
- Delhi consumes five times more energy than Kolkata
Lessons for other cities
Since clean and low carbon mobility is the need of the hour, cities need policies to stop urban sprawl and reduce commute time of the citizen between residences, jobs and recreational areas by adopting compact urban forms, scaling up public transportation system and promoting walking and cycling by dedicated road planning and designing, restraining usage of personal vehicles to reduce pollution and climate crises.