7 Building Approvals That You Can't Overlook
As homebuyers fight for their rights to get the timely possession of their homes, they are in for a rude shock when they find out that the property they had invested in is not approved by the government. So, it is very important to know the home-buying nitty-gritty, including approvals that a builder needs from various civic authorities, before selling the property to you.
MakaanIQ takes a tour of some of the approvals or sanctions required so that your builder does not short-change you.
Before starting the construction work, a builder has to submit a graphical representation of a building plan to the authority concerned. While designing the building plan, a builder has to ensure that the plan complies with the building byelaws. Once he gets the approval, he has to start the construction within two years without altering the plan.
A builder also has to get his layout approved from the authority concerned. A layout plan shows the physical arrangement of all the resources that will acquire the entire space in a facility. Construction undertaken without obtaining the layout plan is illegal. Also, facilities such as roads, drainage, sewage and street lighting will not be provided if the project does not have the approved plan.
Conversion of land
If a builder is using a farm land for building any residential or commercial project, he has to get an approval certificate, failing which the project will become illegal.
A builder has to get an NOC from several entities:
- He needs an approval from the pollution board for the water supply and sewerage.
- An NOC is also required from a municipality or other authority concerned for digging a borewell.
- A builder needs to take an NOC from neighbouring property owners ensuring no encroachment has been done to any neighbouring land or property.
- He also needs to obtain an NOC from civic authorities if he is providing elevators in his project.
A completion certificate is an attested legal document verifying that the building has been constructed in compliance with safety norms and regulations of the Buildings Act. It is mandatory for a builder to get a completion certificate before selling the property. This document is also a testimony that the builder adheres to the National Building Code of India, 2005.
The builder has to get a clear title for the property which ensures that the property is clear and marketable. It also helps a prospective buyer know the chain of holdings and transfers of the property over a period of time. A buyer can also check if there is any encumbrance on the ownership via a title deed.
A builder has to get an approval from authorities concerned regarding basic amenities such as electricity and water supply.